BMP Options for the Hinkston Creek Watershed

Funding for BMPs

Funding is available for installing these BMPs on your land! If you are interested in applying for funding to install livestock exclusion fencing along the creek, develop alternative water sources for livestock (to keep them out of the creek), or implement other BMPs listed below, please contact Barry Tonning at 859-585-0370 or barry.tonning@tetratech.com

Below is a list of BMPs that could be useful in the Hinkston Creek Watershed. Informational pages from the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) on each BMP are available through the links following the BMP description. For the BMPs with two links, the first link connects to a Kentucky-specific description of the BMP. The second link connects to a description that was written for a national audience.


Access Roads: A travelway for equipment and vehicles constructed as part of a conservation plan.

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Brush Management: Removal, reduction, or manipulation of non-herbaceous plants.

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Closure of Waste Impoundments: The safe closure of animal waste lagoons and waste storage ponds in an environmentally safe manner.

Conservation Cover: Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetative cover.

Conservation Crop Rotation: Growing crops in a recurring sequence on the same field.

Constructed Wetland: A constructed shallow water ecosystem designed to simulate natural wetlands.

Photo of fields that have been contour farmed.

Grassed waterways, contour planting, and vegetated buffers along the creek are all top priority management practices for Hinkston Creek farm country.

Contour Buffer Strips: Narrow strips of permanent, herbaceous vegetative cover established around the hill slope, and alternated down the slope with wider cropped strips that are farmed on the contour.

Contour Farming: Using ridges and furrows formed by tillage, planting, and other farming operations to change the direction of runoff from directly downslope to around the hillslope.

Cover Crop: Crops including grasses, legumes, and forbs for seasonal cover and other conservation purposes.

Critical Area Planting: Establishing permanent vegetation on sites that have or are expected to have high erosion rates, and on sites that have physical, chemical, or biological conditions that prevent the establishment of vegetation with normal practices.

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Deep Tillage: Performing tillage operations below the normal tillage depth to modify adverse physical or chemical properties of a soil.

Dike: An embankment constructed of earth or other suitable materials to protect land against overflow or to regulate water.

Diversion: A channel constructed across the slope generally with a supporting ridge on the lower side.

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Fence: A constructed barrier for animals or people.

Field Border: A strip of permanent vegetation established at the edge or around the perimeter of a field.

Filter Strip: A strip or area of herbaceous vegetation that removes contaminants from overland flow.

Forest Stand Improvement: The manipulation of species composition, stand structure, and stocking by cutting or killing selected trees and understory vegetation.

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Grade Stabilization Structure: A structure to control the grade and head cutting in natural or artificial channels.

Grassed Waterway: A shaped or graded channel that is established with suitable vegetation to carry surface water at a non-erosive velocity to a stable outlet.

This livestock tank is located away from drainage channels and creeks, and is surrounded by a good “heavy use area” practice: crushed gravel over geotextile, surrounding the livestock watering tank. Photo taken on Lake Farm in Bourbon County. Photo courtesy of Bourbon County Conservation District

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Heavy Use Area Protection: The stabilization of areas frequently and intensively used by people, animals, or vehicles by establishing vegetative cover, by surfacing with suitable materials, and/or by installing needed structures.

Hedgerow Planting: Establishment of dense vegetation in a linear design to achieve a natural resource conservation purpose.

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Land Reclamation, Landslides: Treating inplace materials, mine spoil (excavated over-burden), mine waste, or overburden to reduce downslope movement.

Lined Waterway or Outlet: A waterway or outlet structure having an erosion resistant lining of concrete, stone, or other permanent material.

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Mulching: Applying plant residues or other suitable materials produced off site, to the land surface.

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Nutrient Management: Managing the amount, sources, placement, form, and timing of the application of nutrients and soil amendments.

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Open Channel: Constructing or improving a channel either natural or artificial, in which water flows with a free surface.

Rotation of livestock to an adjoining pasture. Pasture in foreground has been resting for 28 days.

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Pasture and Hayland Planting: Establishing introduced or native forage species.

Pipeline: Convey water from the source of supply to the point(s) of use.

Pond: A water impoundment made by constructing a dam or an embankment or by excavating a pit or dugout.

Pond Sealing or Lining, Flexible Membrane: A manufactured hydraulic barrier consisting of a functionally continuous sheet of synthetic or partially synthetic, flexible material.

Randy and Anne Dailey of Bourbon County, KY are among the 2009 Prescribed Grazing Hero Award Winners.

Prescribed Grazing: Controlled harvest of vegetation with grazing animals, managed with the intent to achieve a specific objective.

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Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till: Managing the amount, orientation, and distribution of crop and other plant residue on the soil surface year-round while limiting soil-disturbing activities used to grow crops in systems where the entire field surface is tilled prior to planting.

Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed: Managing the amount, orientation, and distribution of crop and other plant residue on the soil surface year-round while limiting soil-disturbing activities to only those necessary to place nutrients, condition residue and plant crops.

Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till: Managing the amount, orientation, and distribution of crop and other plant residues on the soil surface year-round, while growing crops on pre-formed ridges alternated with furrows protected by crop residue.

Photo: No-till corn planted in wheat stubble

Kentucky’s Marion Howard and Mark Turner were 2009 NRCS No-Till Heroes. Photo: No-till corn planted in wheat stubble.

Residue Management, Seasonal: Managing the amount, orientation, and distribution of crop and other plant residues on the soil surface during a specified period of the year, while planting annual crops on a clean-tilled seedbed, or when growing biennial or perennial seed crops.

Restoration and Management of Declining Habitats: Restoring and conserving rare or declining native vegetated communities and associated wildlife species.

Riparian Forest Buffer Standard: An area of predominantly trees and/or shrubs located adjacent to and up-gradient from watercourses or water bodies.

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Sediment Basin: A constructed basin designed to collect and store waterborne debris or sediment.

Silvopasture Establishment: An agroforestry application establishing a combination of trees or shrubs and compatible forages on the same acreage.

Spring Development: Utilizing springs and seeps to provide water for conservation need.

Stream Crossing: A stabilized area or structure constructed across a stream to provide a travel way for people, livestock, equipment, or vehicles.

Stream Habitat Improvement and Management: Maintain, improve, or restore physical, chemical, and biological functions of a stream.

Streambank and Shoreline Protection: Treatment used to stabilize and protect banks of streams or constructed channels, and shorelines of lakes, reservoirs, or estuaries.

Structure for Water Control: A structure in a water management system that conveys water, controls the direction or rate of flow, maintains a desired water surface elevation, or measures water.

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Terrace: An earth embankment or a combination ridge and channel, constructed across the field slope.

Tree/Shrub Establishment: Establishing woody plants by planting seedlings or cuttings, direct seeding, or natural regeneration.

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Underground Outlet: A conduit installed beneath the surface of the ground to convey runoff to a suitable outlet.

Upland Wildlife Habitat Management: Creating, restoring, maintaining, or enhancing areas for food, cover, and water for upland wildlife and species which use upland habitat for a portion of their life cycle.

Use Exclusion: The temporary or permanent exclusion of animals, people, or vehicles from an area.

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Vegetated Treatment Area: An area of permanent vegetation used for agricultural wastewater treatment.

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Feed building and manure storage, located uphill from drainage channels and creeks. Photo courtesy of Bourbon County Conservation District

Waste Storage Facility: A waste storage impoundment made by constructing an embankment and/or excavating a pit or dugout, or by fabricating a structure.

Waste Treatment Lagoon: A waste treatment impoundment made by constructing an embankment and/or excavating a pit or dugout.

Water and Sediment Control Basin: An earth embankment or a combination ridge and channel generally constructed across the slope and minor watercourses to form a sediment trap and a water detention basin.

Water Well: A hole drilled, dug, driven, bored, jetted or otherwise constructed to an aquifer.

Heavy use protection area and livestock watering tank in Bourbon County. Photo courtesy of Bourbon County Conservation District

Watering Facility: A device (tank, trough, or other watertight container) for providing animal access to water.

Wetland Creation: A wetland that has been created on a site location which historically was not a wetland or is a wetland but the site will be converted to a wetland with a different hydrology, vegetation type, or function than naturally occurred on the site.

Wetland Restoration: The rehabilitation of a drained or degraded wetland where the soils, hydrology, vegetative community, and the biological habitat are returned to the natural condition to the extent practicable.

Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment: Linear plantings of single or multiple rows of trees or shrubs or sets of linear plantings.

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